Crohn disease is simply a chronic inflammatory disease of the gastrointestinal tract that affects any part of the tract from the anus to the mouth.

 Signs and symptoms include abdominal pain, diarrhea which can be bloody if the inflammation is really severe, fever, and weight loss. Other complications may occur outside the gastrointestinal tract and include anemia, skin rashes, arthritis, inflammation of the eye, and tiredness. The skin rashes may be due to infections as well as pyoderma gangrenosum or erythema nodosum. Bowel obstruction also commonly occurs and those with the disease are at greater risk of bowel cancer.

The various forms of the disease are dependent on a number of factors like: the
location, the extent, and the severity of the inflammation. The different types
of Crohn's disease and their symptoms include:

1. Crohn's colitis is inflammation that is confined to the colon. Abdominal pain and bloody diarrhea are the common symptoms. Anal fistulae and peri-rectal abscesses also can occur.

2. Crohn's enteritis refers to inflammation confined to the small intestine (the second part, called the jejunum or the third part, called the ileum). Involvement of the ileum alone is referred to as Crohn's ileitis. Abdominal pain and diarrhea are the common symptoms. Obstruction of the small intestine also can occur.

3. Crohn's terminal ileitis is inflammation that affects only the very end of the small intestine (terminal ileum), the part of the small intestine closest to the colon. Abdominal pain and diarrhea are the common symptoms. Small intestinal obstruction also can occur.

4. Crohn's entero-colitis and ileo-colitis are terms to describe inflammation that involve both the small intestine and the colon. Bloody diarrhea and abdominal pain are the common symptoms. Small intestinal obstruction also can occur.

Studies haven’t really gotten the causes of the disease. Diet and stress may aggravate Crohn’s Disease, but they do not cause the disease on their own. Recent research suggests hereditary, genetics, and/or environmental factors contribute to the development of Crohn’s Disease.

There is a benefit, though, in understanding the possible causes of Crohn's disease and how they interact with one another. Doing so can help one better understand the symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment of Crohn's disease.

 It's possible that a virus or bacterium may trigger Crohn's disease. When your immune system tries to fight off the invading microorganism, an abnormal immune response causes the immune system to attack the cells in the digestive tract, too.

Crohn's is more common in people who have family members with the disease, so genes may play a role in making people more susceptible. However, most people with Crohn's disease don't have a family history of the disease.

The environment in which you live also appears to play a role. Crohn’s is more common in developed countries rather than undeveloped countries, in urban rather than rural areas, and in northern rather than southern climates.

There is no specific test for diagnosing Crohn’s disease. The diagnosis of Crohn's disease is suspected in patients with the symptoms of the diseases. Laboratory blood tests may show elevated white blood cell counts and sedimentation rates, both of which suggest infection or inflammation. Other blood tests may show low red blood cell counts (anemia), low blood proteins, and low body minerals, reflecting loss of these minerals due to chronic diarrhea.

A colonoscopy (test done on the colon) is approximately 70% effective in diagnosing the disease, with further tests being less effective. Disease in the small bowel is particularly difficult to diagnose, as a traditional colonoscopy allows access to only the colon and lower portions of the small intestines.

Crohn's disease itself is complex. Scientists continue to seek more information about the causes -- in hopes of finding better ways to diagnose, treat, and perhaps even cure this disease. In the meantime, understanding current theories about the causes of Crohn's disease can help you work with your doctor to explore how various treatments might work to control this condition.

4 types of pain you never knew existed

Just when you think you have seen it all or you probably know it all, Mother Nature and science keeps on surprising us. There are more than 10,000 types of pain, over 50 for each parts of the body.
 In this post we have put together different forms of rare pains you probably have never heard of in your life.
1. Giant cell arteritis
This is a really painful form of headache, and the cause of this headache is still unknown, but the condition is extremely serious. We do know it's linked to inflammation and almost always seen in people over the age of 60, who often also feel pain around their ears when chewing with these types of headaches. Also About one-third of people with giant cell arteritis eventually go blind. Treatment is done with steroids as soon as possible to prevent blindness and dramatically improve the pain.
2. Trigeminal neuralgia.
This pain is more common in older people. It is felt at the temples and around the jaw and is similar to an electric shock. It is typically triggered by something like touching the face or brushing the teeth, and people with this condition may experience several shocks a day, most possibly due to an artery pressing on a nerve. Muscle relaxants might help, according to the National Headache Foundation, but if a patient with these symptoms is younger than 55 or so, it may also be caused by a neurological disease.
3. Scoliosis Pain.
Scoliosis pain often occurs when underlying (non-scoliosis) spinal conditions are aggravated by postural distortions (scoliosis).  In some cases the underlying condition would have developed anyway, and is only painful because it is combined with scoliosis.  In other cases the scoliosis causes the underlying condition by putting stress or pressure on various parts of the body.
4. Dyspareunia.
Dyspareunia is pain felt during or after sex. It’s one of the most common gynecological complaints and its surprising how most people don’t know the name for it. It affects eight to 22 per cent of women. According to the Sexual Advice Association, dyspareunia from time to time is normal, but if it happens often it can become a problem.
The main reasons for this are it impacts on a woman’s sex life and can cause her ongoing distress.

5 things that can soothe sore muscles.

5 things that can soothe sore muscles.

A common misconception we all have is that sore muscles are a sign of a good workout, and its proof that you are getting fit and just had a great workout. But the truth is that sore muscles and workout quality don’t go hand in hand. It usually just means that you pushed yourself too hard or that you’re doing new exercises. 
When you exercise intensely, that can cause micro-tears in your muscle tissue, which leads to delayed onset muscle soreness. This typically develops 12 to 24 hours after a tough workout, and can linger two or three days.
Follow these tips to help you help you get rid of that muscle soreness.
1. Stretch.
Stretching helps after a good workout. When you train, you contract your muscles, and the muscle fibers get shorter. Lengthening them after a workout promotes mobility, and can lead to a more thorough recovery.
For a study, researchers asked 20 women to perform shoulder exercises. Two days later, the women received a 10-minute massage on one shoulder and performed 10 minutes of exercise (a lighter intensity version of the original moves) on the other. Turns out, participants felt equal amounts of relief in both shoulders.
So you get the same effect you from getting a massage and stretching.
2. Hot Shower.
Warm temps can increase blood flow to sore muscles. So take a very warm or hot shower, or if the pain is isolated, apply heat directly to the spot that’s giving you trouble.
3. Eat a balanced meal.
Eat a balanced meal for quicker recovery. You want to make sure to get enough healthy proteins, carbohydrates, and fats, all which play important roles in repairing and maintaining muscles, and warding off sore muscles. Taking foods rich in Omega-3s such as salmon, spinach, and nuts—may help boost circulation to sore muscles while also reducing inflammation.
4. Foam Rollers.
Try and get a foam roller. It can save you a lot of money than what you’d pay for getting a good massage. If you can’t get one around you, you can always order online. Foam rollers are Similar to massages, foam rollers increase blood flow to your muscles through applied pressure—but without the hefty price tag, says Edelstein. And since you decide which muscles you work, you can make sure to focus on the areas that need the most
5. Know your Limits.
There is a growing amount of evidence that suggests moderate- to high-intensity exercise performed for more than 90 minutes can negatively impact your health. When you constantly push your body to its limit, your performance can suffer. Your health may also deteriorate, and you can seriously injure yourself. When it comes to exercise, managing the intensity and time of your workouts and your recovery can help you stay fit and well.



The everyday aches and pains you're used to could be a red flag. Usually a headache is just a headache, and heartburn is nothing more than a sign that you ate too much fast-food. Except when they're not.

Pain is the mechanism of the body to indicate that there is a problem that needs to be solved. More often than not, you have some idea of what's behind it. But when it comes on suddenly, lingers longer than usual, or just seems different, it calls for medical attention—and the sooner, the better. 

In this post we will be giving you 5 pains you shouldn’t ignore based on the parts of the body they occur.

1. Heart
Pain in the chest most especially in the right side may indicate certain cardiovascular problems. This may also lead to pain on the left body side, as they are linked to other body parts which send impulses, such as the spinal cord.

According to the University of Michigan Medical School, “Cardiac pain is often referred to areas of the body surface which send impulses to the same levels of the spinal cord that receive cardiac sensation. This is true especially on the left side.”

2. Lungs and diaphragm.
Pain in the neck and upper shoulders may indicate lung issues. This can also be laced with breathing problems to do with the phrenic nerve that runs from the spine, through the lungs, to the diaphragm.

3. Kidneys
The pain felt in the pelvis, thighs, lower back, and lower abdomen usually indicate issues with the kidneys. Kidney problems are quite difficult to diagnose, because you can feel pain in many places, but if you feel continuous pain in any of these places please try and see a doctor.

Abdominal pain and back pain in the area where the stomach is, almost always is a sign that something is wrong with your stomach or your pancreas. Most people with chronic pancreatitis have a severe back pain.

5. Ovary 
In the case of inflammation of the ovaries, a person may feel pain in the frontal part of the abdominal area, of the both sides. A stabbing and intense pain in the area of the ovaries may indicate cysts.

6. Bladder
Pain in the lower pelvis, in the front or the back usually refers to problem in the bladder. 

7. Colon and Appendix.
Pain in specific areas of the abdomen connotes appendicitis problems. Problems with appendicitis commonly cause severe pain in the whole right part of the lower abdomen. Pain in the central part of the lower abdomen may be a signal that you have problems with the colon or the rectum.

8. Liver and Gall Bladder.
Pain in the neck and the upper shoulders may also be the first sign that something is wrong with these two organs, particularly if the pain occurs more frequently on the right, where the liver and the gall bladder are located. Problems with the gall bladder can manifest pain in the shoulders, as well as in the diaphragm.

If you feel pain in any parts of the body mentioned above, please do well to see a doctor as soon as possible before it costs you your life.

5 things that can increase the risk of having a heart disease.

We’re used to seeing headlines about what will or won’t increase your risk of having a heart disease. Some headlines can’t be trusted, but we know that with lifestyle changes and medication you can help reduce your risk of a heart event – even if you’ve had one already.

Our team has done our research and come up with five things we do or habits that most of us have and things we are exposed to that can increase the risk of having a heart disease.

1. SMOKING: This is the most popular habit that increases the risk of anyone having a heart disease. Hence the popular phrase “Smoking Kills”.  If you smoke, you are more than two to four times more likely to have a heart attack, and you’re much more likely to die if you do have a heart attack.

2. Excess Weight: People who have excess body fat especially at the waist and belly are more likely to develop heart disease and stroke even if they have no other risk factors.  Losing extra weight is good for your heart. It can also help you lower high blood pressure and manage diabetes. Carrying extra pounds, especially around the belly, strains the heart and tips you toward diabetes.

3. Gender:  Most people don’t know this but Men have a greater risk of heart attack than women do, and they have attacks earlier in life. Even after menopause, when women's death rate from heart disease increases, it's not as great as men's.

4. Cholesterol: Cholesterol is a fatty substance found in the blood. Too much ‘bad’ cholesterol can increase your risk of developing a heart disease. It can cause atheroma to build up inside artery walls, preventing enough blood reaching the heart. If a piece of atheroma breaks off, a blood clot can form, blocking blood supply to the heart and the brain.

5. Lack of Exercise: People who don't exercise are more likely to get heart disease, and die from it, than people who do. Check with your doctor before starting a new exercise program, especially if you aren't active now. He/She can tell you what you can do.


5 reasons why an addiction is not a disease

5 reasons why an addiction is not a disease

You may not know this but more than half of the world see addiction as a disease. The idea has become entrenched in our news media, our treatment facilities, and in the hearts and minds of addicts themselves. It’s a potent concept.

“I truly believe no treatment will work on a person with an addiction if the patient hasn’t fully given themselves over to the fact that they have a disease that does not heal itself.”

This were the words of Margaret F.’s words which captured a core belief of the traditional type of treatment program she attended. Leading professional organizations – including the American Medical Association, American Psychiatric Association, World Health Organization, and American Society of Addiction Medicine (ASAM) – subscribe to the notion that alcohol and other drug addictions are diseases.

According to Nora Volkow, head of the National Institute on Drug Abuse, “addiction is a chronic, relapsing brain disease,” and this definition has also been adopted by medical researchers and policy makers everywhere.

Great minds such as Oprah Winfrey, Russell Brand and Joe Biden agree: the then-senator even introduced a bill in 2007 called the “Recognizing Addiction as a Disease Act.” (It never came up for a vote.). The disease theory has powerful forces behind it, has money behind it. Perhaps most important, it has a comforting thought behind it.
So after our team had done their research we have come up with a list of five reasons why this concept of an addiction being a disease is not true.

1.  Addiction is self-acquired and is not transmissible, contagious, autoimmune, hereditary, degenerative or traumatic. Treatment consists of little more than stopping a given behavior. True diseases worsen if left untreated.

 A patient with cancer is not cured if locked in a cell, whereas an alcoholic is automatically cured. No access to alcohol means no alcoholism. A person with schizophrenia will not remit if secluded. Sepsis will spread and Parkinson disease will worsen if left untreated.

2. The brain of an addicted person changes over a period of time but it is normal. And the changes in the brain that occur because of addiction are not irreversible. We’ve been talking about neuroplasticity for decades. That is, the brain keeps on changing – due to changes in experience, self-motivated changes in behavior, as a result of practice, being in a different environment.

Saying addiction is a disease suggests that the brain can no longer change…that it’s an end state. But no, it’s not end state.

3. In terms of brain change, you could say that neuroplasticity has a dark side. But rather than a disease, addiction is a habit that grows and perpetuates itself relatively quickly when we repeatedly pursue the same highly attractive goal. 

This results in new pathways being built in the brain, which is always the case with learning: new pathways are formed and older pathways are pruned or eradicated.

4. Cancer does not have a fixed rehabilitation. Addiction requires a specific, timed rehabilitation program. Cancer requires routine screenings and a specific medical treatment.

It is clear the exact moment that a disease, like cancer, has begun. The start of addiction, on the other hand, cannot be pinpointed. An addict can look back to the time they started experimenting with and abusing drugs. However, the addiction itself cannot be pinpointed, cancer cells can be.

Addiction is overcome through hard work and persistence in a treatment program and/or group therapy. Cancer cannot, it requires intensive medical treatment and continued therapy.

5. Diseases do not provide any ‘good’ sensations. Drugs and alcohol side effect is that of euphoria and other positive sensations. Cancer, for example, does not yield such sensations; it causes serious pain.

Using and abusing drugs loosens a person up, to points where they ‘can’ have fun or be the ‘life of the party’. Everyone knows that person or has a friend who gets ‘fun’ after a few drinks. Cancer does not make you the life of the party.

You do not get a disease, like cancer, when someone tells you to try it. Addiction starts with a willingness to try something.
Cancer is physically painful, addiction is not. The withdrawal from abusing drugs can be painful, but not the addiction itself.

7 deadly diseases modern science has cured

7 deadly diseases modern science has cured

    We are in the 21st century, and due to technological advancement in the field of medicine, we humans have been able to develop vaccines, antibiotics and other equipment’s we have used to cure many diseases that would have become serious plagues that could have swept more than half of the entire human population we see today.
Also due to this advancements, worldwide life expectancy has increased from about 40 it used to be during the beginning of the 21st century to 70 in our present generation.
Sometimes it’s good to remind ourselves how far we have come, so in this post we will be giving you a list of the top 7 deadly diseases that has been cured by modern science.

1. Tetanus.
Tetanus is an infection characterized by muscle spasms. It is also known as
Lockjaw because the spasms begin in the jaw before they move to other parts of
the Body. Tetanus is caused by an infection with the bacterium Clostridium tetani,
which is commonly found in soil, saliva, dust, and manure.

The bacteria generally
enter through a break in the skin such as a cut or puncture wound by a
contaminated object. They produce toxins that interfere with muscle contractions,
resulting in the spasms. One in 10 cases lead to death. A vaccine prevents it, but it
requires booster shots.

2. Measles.
Measles is commonly recognized by the rash of spots beginning on the face and spreading to the body. It grows in cells in the lungs, which causes cold-like symptoms and can lead to pneumonia .Vaccines that prevent the disease are given to infants and to young children through booster shots.

Once the vaccine is introduced into the body, it produces lifelong immunity to the virus. The vaccine has made it possible to eliminate the risk of measles entirely. However, there are still occasionally cases of it due to negligence in getting the vaccine.

3. Rabies.
First recorded around 4,000 years ago, rabies may represent the oldest infectious disease known to humankind. Rabies is characterised by a reaction in the nervous system, which causes excitement, paranoia, anxiety, confusion and even fear of water.

Another common symptom of rabies is hyper-salivation, or foaming at the mouth. It can be transferred to humans when they come in contact with a rabid animal. Rabies is a zoonotic disease, which means it’s transferred from animals to humans. The anti-rabies treatment with vaccine is completely effective if administered within 14 days of exposure.

4. Polio.
Polio is an infection which when left untreated leads to paralysis and sometimes death. It doesn't have a cure, but the vaccine has prevented the disease from spreading in most countries. Polio is now eradicated throughout most of the developed world.

Since the advent of the polio vaccine, the disease has almost vanished.
According to WHO, in 1988, there were an estimated 350,000 cases of polio globally. In 2013, there were 416 reported cases – a more than 99 per cent decrease in the virus.

5. Small Pox.
In 1980, smallpox was the first disease officially declared to be “eradicated.
Smallpox is an acute contagious disease that primarily attacks the body’s skin cells, leading to bumps all over the body.

Probably one of the most famous diseases ever because of its now basically total elimination from the world, smallpox is a virus spread through human contact. The vaccine was so successful that in 1980 the World Health Organization stopped recommending that people use it.

6. Malaria.
Malaria is one of the most popular diseases in our country today that has been cured by modern science that we have forgotten how deadly it used to be. Malaria is a mosquito-borne infectious disease affecting humans and other animals caused by parasitic protozoans belonging to the Plasmodium type. Symptoms usually begin ten to fifteen days after being bitten. If not properly treated, people may have recurrences of the disease months later.

Malaria causes symptoms that typically include fever, tiredness, vomiting, and headaches. In severe cases it can cause yellow skin, seizures, coma, or death. The disease is most commonly transmitted by an infected female Anopheles mosquito. The mosquito bite introduces the parasites from the mosquito's saliva into a person's blood. The parasites travel to the liver where they mature and reproduce.
Once infected, there are antimalarial drugs available – as well as medication that can be taken before traveling to high-risk areas – but no vaccine

7. Yellow Fever.
Yellow fever is a tropical virus, spread by mosquitoes. It affects the liver and kidneys, causing fever, jaundice, and loss of appetite, chills, muscle pains and headaches.
It can eventually lead to liver disease but there is a vaccine for people who are traveling in those areas and are at risk.  It is called yellow fever because in severe cases people turn yellow also known as jaundice.

WHO regulations cite vaccination as the single most important measure for preventing yellow fever. A yellow fever vaccine has been used commercially since the 1950’s. It is safe, effective and provides immunity within one week in 95 per cent of those vaccinated.
In 2013, WHO concluded that one dose of yellow fever vaccine is sufficient to protect against the disease for life.


It is no longer news that a malaria vaccine has been developed by British drug makers GlaxoSmithKline (GSK) and has been approved by the World Health Organization (WHO), this drug is still on trial in three sub-Saharan African countries, namely Ghana, Kenya, and Malawi.

This vaccine is the greatest innovation in science that has happened in a very long time. This is because malaria kills about 430,000 people in a year mostly babies and young children in sub-Saharan Africa, but global efforts in the last 15 years have cut the malaria death toll by 62%. The next big advancement in science that will probably be greater than this will be when a vaccine for cancer has been developed.

Malaria can be a fatal disease caused by a parasite caused plasmodium that commonly infects a certain type of mosquito which feeds on humans (The Anopheles mosquito). Once an infected mosquito bites a human, the parasite will multiply in the host’s liver before attacking and destroying red blood cells. 

Five types of plasmodium parasites can infect humans. They are usually found in different parts of the world. Some cause a more severe type of malaria than others.
Malaria symptoms are normally classified into two: Uncomplicated and Severe Malaria.

Symptoms of uncomplicated malaria includes:

·        Fever, headaches, and vomiting.
·        Seizures.
·        Frequent Sweating.
·        Sensation of cold with shivering.
Why symptoms of severe malaria includes:
·        Deep breathing and respiratory distress.
·        Signs of anemia.
·        Impaired consciousness.
·        Fevers and chills.
·        Convulsions.
·        Vital organs dysfunctions.

Early diagnosis is critical for a patient’s recovery. The world health organization strongly advice confirmation of the parasite through microscopic laboratory testing or by a rapid diagnosis test (RDT) depending on the facilities available.

In some malaria endemic areas, mostly sub-Saharan Africa the disease severity can cause mild immunity in a large proportion of the local population and so some people carry the parasites in their bloodstream and do not fall ill.

We all know that vaccines have played an important role in the control and eradication of diseases throughout human history. Starting from the development of the smallpox vaccine in 1980 then also in polio. With malaria parasites now developing resistance to available drugs, the malaria vaccine could not have come at a better time. If after the trials are successful, the world would have taken a giant step towards meeting WHO deadline of 2040 to eradicate malaria.

By now you are wondering the reason for this post considering the fact that it is obvious that this vaccine hasn’t been introduced into Nigeria. But this post was written not just to talk about things that have already happened, but to write about a future, a future where malaria can be totally eradicated and our children can look at the past and be grateful that we made their lives better.

 How can we do this? You can start by sharing this post and letting Africa and the whole world know why Nigeria as a country must be included in the countries to receive the vaccine after the second set of the vaccine comes into Africa.


Best ways to get rid of cold in children

Children are highly susceptible to catching a cold and though you can’t possibly protect your child from every virus she encounters, these short healthy habits can help increase her resistance. So in this post we will be giving you 5 short and easy to do remedies for getting rid of frequent cold in children


Make sure your child gets enough sleep both during the day and night. The immune system of a child that is always tired makes her too sluggish to fight off bad bugs.


 Practically 80 percent of infectious diseases including a common cold are spread through contact. SO ensure your child washes HIS/HER hands regularly.


 Honey is the best natural cure and relief against cough, and unlike cough suppressants which can be harmful sometimes for children, honey is good for everyone.


Warm or very cold liquids thin out mucus, and makes it easier to cough up. It also soothes a child’s throat.


 Your child loses a lot of water when her body is fighting a fever. So always give your child fluids as often as possible to keep her hydrated.

I hope this post helps you to become a better parent and helps you control your children's frequent cold better.

Make sure You click the share buttons and make this post available to someone you know that really needs it.


Taking care of our skins is very important and a part of our everyday life. But if you love your skin so much then you can relate to this blog post. In this post, we are going to be giving you 5 things about your skin you already know if you are obsessed with your skin.


We must have heard this point everyday of our lives, but it’s not a myth but a fact that our body is made up of 70% of water and if your body gets dehydrated frequently it starts to show on your skin. 

Taking lemon and coconut water are even better but it can also be an expensive life to maintain. If you just increase the volume of water you take in a day, you will start seeing the changes on your skin.

 Smoking doesn’t just kill the lungs but also the skin. Even if you don’t smoke, frequent exposure to smoke signals can make you look older than you are supposed to.

 You don’t have to worry only about skin disease when it comes to stress, stress is the number one cause of 90% of all the diseases that affects us. When you are stressed out, it triggers a release of cortisol and other hormones into your system. It can cause you to breakout and also cause hives or exasperate existing issues such as eczema and psoriasis.

 So we personally need to find a way of dealing with stress in our lives like exercising, reading, taking a massage or even volunteering. This activities can make our body and minds to relax.

 When it comes to diet, it is not just about eating foods that make you look slimmer, not eating healthy food also can make your skin look dry. Excessive intake of sugar and caffeine can also cause inflammation and prevent your body system from functioning properly. 

So it is best to avoid foods high in fat with carbs, sugar, and caffeine to help your skin look more beautiful.

This may not be related to skincare, but it is a fact every human being with a skin should know. The skin and not the liver is the largest organ in the human body. The skin of an average adult weighs between eight to nine pounds, and it also grows faster than any other organ.